Double Life of Methanol: Experimental Studies and Nonequilibrium Molecular-Dynamics Simulation of Methanol Effects on Methane-Hydrate Nucleation

We have investigated systematically and statistically methanol-concentration effects on methane-hydrate nucleation using both experiment and restrained molecular-dynamics simulation, employing simple observables to achieve an initially homogeneous methane-supersaturated solution particularly favorable for nucleation realization in reasonable simulation times. We observe the pronounced "bifurcated" character of the nucleation rate upon methanol concentration in both experiments and simulation, with promotion at low concentrations and switching to industrially familiar inhibition at higher concentrations. Higher methanol concentrations suppress hydrate growth by in-lattice methanol incorporation, resulting in the formation of "defects", increasing the energy of the nucleus. At low concentrations, on the contrary, the detrimental effect of defects is more than compensated for by the beneficial contribution of CHin easing methane incorporation in the cages or replacing it altogether.
Autori IAC
Tipo pubblicazione
Altri Autori
Lauricella M.; Ghaani M.R.; Nandi P.K.; Meloni S.; Kvamme B.; English N.J.
American Chemical Society,
Journal of physical chemistry. C